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NOTES

1 John Gilbert (ed.), Crossties through Carolina: The Story of North Carolina's Early Day Railroads (Raleigh: The Crossties Press, 1969); Lagette Blythe and Charles R. Brockman, Hornet's Nest: The Story of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County (Charlotte: McNally of Charlotte, 1961), 259-262, 417-422; H. E. C. Bryant, "Pineville was Quite a Town," Charlotte Observer, May 21, 1967.

2 Allen Tullos, Habits of Industry: White Culture and the Transformation of the Carolina Piedmont (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989), 135-140.

3 Davidson (N.C.) Monthly, June 16, 1871; David R. Goldfield, Cotton Fields to Skyscrapers: Southern Region and City (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1982), 86-90.

4 Tullos, 134-135, 147; David R. Carlton, Mill and Town in South Carolina, 1880-1920 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1982), 135-136, 148; Charlotte News, September 27, 1935.

5 Levi Branson (ed.), Branson's North Carolina Business Directory, 1900 (Raleigh: Branson and Jones, Publishers, 1900); North Carolina Year Book and Business Directory, 1909 (Raleigh: News and Observer, 1909); Mecklenburg (N.C.) Times, February 1, 1962; Interview with Mary Sherrill, May 16, 1991, Cornelius, N.C.

6 Blythe and Brockman, 421-422.

7 Quoted in Goldfield, 124; Jacquelyn Dowd Hall, et al., Like a Family: The Making of the Southern Cotton Mill World (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1987), 26; Brent Glass, '"Southern Mill Hills: Design in a 'Public Place,' in Douglas Swaim (ed.), Carolina Dwelling, 138-149 (Raleigh: North Carolina State University School of Design Publication, 1978); Blythe and Brockman, 273.

8 Hall, et al., 44-113.

9 Hall, et al., 114-180; Carlton, 175; Marjorie A. Potwin, Cotton Mill People of the Piedmont (New York: Columbia University Press, 1927).

10 Interview with Rhetta May McCoy, March 25, 1991. Pineville, N.C.

11 Edgar T. Thompson, Agricultural Mecklenburg and Industrial Charlotte (Charlotte: Charlotte Chamber of Commerce, 1926).

12 Charlotte Observer, May 21, 1989.

13 Interview with Maude Harwell Miller, April 4, 1991. Cornelius, N.C.; Fannie Lou Gingham, "Cornelius Owes its Birth to Business Dispute,"Charlotte News, September 27, 1935; Mecklenburg Gazette, February 16, 1977; Cornelius Scrapbook, September 23, 1990.

14 Branson, 1884, 1890, 1896, 1900; Tompkins, History Of Mecklenburg County, v.2, (Charlotte: Observer Printing Company, 1903), 198-199.

15 Catherine W. Bishir, et al., Architects and Builders in North Carolina: A History of the Practice of Building (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1990), 247-251; Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910, Mecklenburg County, Population Schedule.

16 Hart's Directory of Charlotte, North Carolina, 1889, (Charlotte: Observer Printing Company, 1889).

17 Southeast (Mecklenburg County) News, October 1, 1986.

18 Joyce K. Lemmond, "A Bit of History," Southeast (Mecklenburg County) News, March 5, 1986; Lemmond, ''Vestiges of Old Matthews Live On," Charlotte Observer, March 19, 1986; Southeast (Mecklenburg County ) Magazine, August 16, 1989.

19 Mary Alice Dixon Hinson and Dan L. Morrill, The Heath and Reid Store, Survey and Research Report," 1980, on file at the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Historic Landmarks Commission, Charlotte, N.C.

20 Liston Pope, Millhands and Preachers: A Study of Gastonia (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1942), 49-51, 79-83, 91-95; Carlton observes that in the small-town Piedmont, uptown residents where known as "town people," in contrast to "mill people," see Carlton, 8-11.

21 Catherine W. Bishir, North Carolina Architecture (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1990), 275-295; Branson, 1900; Bishir, et al., Architects and Builders, 214-219, 221-226.

22 Mary Beth Gatza, Rural Mecklenburg County Architectural Inventory, 1988, survey files available at the N.C. Division of Archives and History, Raleigh, N.C.

23 Quoted in Bishir, et al., Architects and Builders, 252; Raleigh State Chronicle, August 30, 1884.

24 Gatza; Interview with Mano Rincannon, June 15, 1991, Cornelius, N.C.

25 William H. Huffman and Laura A. W. Phillips, ''The Reid House, Survey and Research Report,'' 1987, on file at the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Historic Landmarks Commission, Charlotte, N.C.

26 Michael T. Southern, "The I-House as Carrier of Style," in Douglas Swaim (ed.), Carolina Dwelling, 72-83; Bishir, 290.

27 Gatza; Mary Ranson interview; Branson, 1900; Kate Ranson Cornue, "I Remember When, " The Mecklenburg Gazette, August 31 and September 14, 1978.

28 Mary Ranson interview.

29 Paula Stathakis and Dan L. Morrill, "Charles and Laura Alexander House, Survey and Research Report," 1990, on file at the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Historic Landmarks Commission, Charlotte, N.C.

30 Quoted in Bishir, et al., Architects and Builders, 300; Charlotte Observer, November 29, 1903.

31 Bishir, et al., Architects and Builders, 301; Alan Gowans, The Comfortable House: North American Suburban Architecture, 1890-1930 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986), 9-11.

32 Mary Ranson interview; Gatza.

33 Southeast (Mecklenburg County) News: Special Section, November 10, 1975.

34 Mary Sherrill interview; Gatza.

35 Richard Mattson, "The Bungalow Spirit," Journal of Cultural Geography, 1 (1981): 75-92.

36 Mary Ranson interview; Gatza.

37 Mano Rinkannon interview; Gatza.

38 Interview with Maude Harwell Miller, May 10, 1991, Cornelius, N.C.

39 Huntersville Presbyterian Church, 1878-1978: A Brief Scrapbook of its First Hundred Years (Huntersville, N.C. Huntersville Presbyterian Church Centennial Committee, 1978), 11.

40 Bishir, 180-190.

41 Suzanne Gulley, "Matthews United Methodist still owes Hictory Grove for Well dug in 1877," Matthews (N.C.) News, May 3, 1990.

42 Bishir, North Carolina Architecture, 310-328.

43 Gatza.

44 J. W. Russell, "'The First One-Hundred Years': A History of the Matthews Presbyterian Church," available at the Matthews Presbyterian Church, Matthews, N.C.

45 Ruth B. Gardner, "Matthews Baptist Church, Matthews, North Carolina," available at the Matthews Baptist Church, Matthews, N.C.

46 LeGette Blythe, "Highlights of Huntersville's History," The Mecklenburg (N.C.) Gazette, December 13, 1979.

47 Ibid.; Branson, 1900.

48 Dan L. Morrill and Joseph Schuchman, "The Old Matthews School, Survey and Research Report," 1984, on file at the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Historic Landmarks Commission, Charlotte, N.C.

49 Ibid.

50 Cornue, August 31, 1978.

51 North Carolina Department of Labor and Printing, Twenty-Ninth Annual Report. . . 1915. (Raleigh: Edwards and Broughton and E. M. Ezell, 1915).

52 D. A. Tompkins, Cotton Mill, Commercial Features (Charlotte: Observer Printing House, 1899).

53 North Carolina Department of Labor and Printing, Thirty-Ninth Annual Report. . . 1925. (Raleigh: Edwards and Broughton and E. M. Ezell, 1925).

54 Thomas W. Hanchett, "Earle Sumner Draper: City Planner of the New South," in Catherine W. Bishir and Lawrence S. Earley (ed.) Early Twentieth-Century Suburbs in North Carolina, 79 (Raleigh: N.C. Department of Cultural Resources, 1985).

55 Southern Textile Bulletin, March 28, 1918.

56 Glass, 148.

57 Southern Textile Bulletin, January 15, 1920; Bishir, et al., Architects and Builders, 227-231.

58 Rhetta May McCoy interview; Hall, et al., 66-85.

59 Rhetta May McCoy interview.

60 Ibid.; Hall, et al., 66-67.

61 For a thoughtful, personal account concerning racial attitudes in small-town North Carolina, see Melton A. McLaurin, Separate Pasts: Growing Up White in the Segregated South (Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1987).

62 Quoted in Charlotte Observer, December 21, 1988.

63 Mattson, "The Cultural Landscape of a Southern Black Community, 1890 to 1930,'' Landscape Journal, forthcoming, spring 1992.

64 Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910, Mecklenburg County, Population Schedule; Branson, 1910; Bob Rosenblatt, "Proud, Poor, They're Cleaning," Charlotte Observer, May 13, 1968.

65 Interview with L. G. Ross, July 23, 1991, Huntersville, N.C.; Interview with Ruby Alexander, July 23, 1991, Huntereville, N.C.; Interview with Sam and Viola Boyd, July 22, 1991, Matthews, N.C.; Pat Borden Gubbins, "Crestdale: New Hopes, New Challenges, " Charlotte Observer, March 18, 1987; Blythe and Brockman, 318.

66 Interview with Jesse Johnson Bell, April 2, 1991, Matthews, N.C.

67 Ruby Alexander interview; Sam and Viola Boyd interview; Interview with James Derr, July 24, 1991, Cornelius, N.C.

68 Janette Thomas Greenwood, The Black Experience in Charlotte-Mecklenburg , 1850-1920: A Teaching Packet for Charlotte-Mecklenburg Teachers (Charlotte: Charlotte-Mecklenburg Historic Properties Commission, 1984), section 3; James D. Anderson, The Education of Blacks in the South, 1860-1935, (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1988), 148-185.

69 Sam Boyd interview.

70 Thomas W. Hanchett, "The Rosenwald Schools and Black Education in North Carolina," The North Carolina Historical Review 65 (October 1988): 387-444.

71 Ibid., 437.

72 Matthews News, October 2, 1990.

73 Hanchett, "Rosenwald Schools, 401-406.

74 Matthews News, October 2, 1990.

75 Gubbins, "Crestdale," Charlotte Observer, March 18, 1987.


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